IT general controls are important for various reasons, such as business continuity and regulatory compliance. Traditionally, controls have focused on the infrastructure itself. In the context of long running servers in fixed locations, this was often an effective approach. As virtualization and container technologies become more prevalent, especially in public cloud, infrastructure focused IT controls can start to get in the way of realizing the following benefits:
- Just in time provisioning
- Workload migration
- Network isolation
- Tight capacity management
- Automated deployments
- Automated remediation
One way to maintain strong IT controls can still get the above benefits is to shift the focus of those controls away from the infrastructure and instead focus on routing (traffic management).
As shown above, a focus on routing ensures that IT can control where production traffic is routed, including production data. Engineering teams are free to deploy as needed and automation can be used freely. Since infrastructure is replaced with each deployment, rather than updated, there is no need to maintain rigid controls around any specific server, VM or container.
In the diagram shown, a gateway is used to facilitate routing. Other mechanisms, like segregated container image repositories and deployment environments may also be appropriate.